Many people use anabolic steroids without fearing the side effects. Two conditions that people need to be aware of when taking anabolic steroids are polycythemia and gynecomastia. Polycythemia occurs when a person has too many red blood cells circulating in the bloodstream. Medical doctors test the level of hemocrit and hemoglobin in the blood to determine if a patient has polycythemia. When women have 48 percent and men 52 percent or more of hemocrit, they are said to suffer from...